before

before

yes. imo a raw file is just an interim result. like a film negative. i process every photo manually. in the vast majority of cases a bit of manipulation (cropping, correction or manipulation of colours) is necessary to transform the camera’s into the photographer’s perception. and it can help to support the impression a photographer wants to create.

sometimes i do clone parts of images to strengthen the visual impact (due to laziness it doesn’t happen all too frequent). the resulting images may of course not be considered as truthful or in compliance with journalistic standards.

after

after

the photograph next to these lines (taken in maastricht in 2005) received a processing treatment that imo doesn’t raise questions about its truthfulness. images like this one on the other hand are obvious results of heavy manipulation. please be aware that you’ll see photos on this website that belong to the wide range between those poles.